Reviewing Employment Outcomes: An Analysis of Students with I/DD in Postsecondary Programs

Available formats:    PDF

Recently researchers examined peer-reviewed articles published between 2000 and 2020 to examine research evidence supporting the use of postsecondary education (PSE) programs as a facilitator of competitive integrated employment for individuals with intellectual disabilities. This review revealed some key findings, including:

  • Most students with IDD got a job after exiting a PSE program, with a range of 50.8% to 91% reported across studies.
  • Nearly all PSE programs in this review described use of both employment coursework and applied vocational experiences, like internships and job shadowing, to help students build work skills.
  • The review indicates a positive impact of attending a PSE program on becoming employed for students with IDD. However, there is room for improvement in how programs report, measure, and track information related to employment in the future.

Article Citation: Avellone, L., Camden, J., Taylor, J., & Wehman, P. (2021). Employment outcomes for students with intellectual disabilities in postsecondary education programs: A scoping review. Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability, 34 (3), 223-238.

You can access the full article at:

VCU-RRTC on Employment of Transition-Age Youth with Disabilities is funded by the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and
Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR grant #90RTEM0002).NIDILRR is a Center within the Administration for Community Living (ACL), Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The contents of this website do not necessarily represent the policy of NIDILRR, ACL, HHS, and
you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government.. If special accommodations are needed, please contact Liz Getzel at